Mood Emot 2021 Jul; 19(2): 35-46   https://doi.org/10.35986/me.2021.19.2.35
Relationship between Stress-Coping and Personality in Patients with Bipolar and Depressive Disorders
Hyun Ju Lim, MS1 , Eunsoo Moon, MD, PhD1,2 , Hwagyu Suh, MD1 , Sun Kyeong Yang, MS1 , Je Min Park, MD, PhD1,2 , Byung Dae Lee, MD, PhD1,2 , Young Min Lee, MD, PhD1,2 , Hee Jeong Jeong, MD1 , Soo Yeon Kim, MD1 , Kang Yoon Lee, MD1 , Young In Chung, MD, PhD2
1Department of Psychiatry and Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, 2Department of Psychiatry, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan, Korea
Correspondence to: Eunsoo Moon, MD, PhD
Department of Psychiatry and Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, 179 Gudeok-ro, Seo-gu, Busan 49241, Korea
TEL +82-51-240-7303 FAX +82-51-248-3648 E-mail esmun@hanmail.net ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8863-3413
Received: January 8, 2021; Revised: February 19, 2021; Accepted: February 24, 2021; Published online: July 31, 2021.
© Korean Society for Affective Disorders. All rights reserved.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Background: Personality might be one of the important factors related to stress-coping in mood disorders. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between personality and stress-coping strategies in patients with bipolar and depressive disorders.
Methods: A total of 195 patients diagnosed with bipolar and depressive disorders according to the criteria mentioned in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental disorders’ 5th edition were included. Pearson’s correlation and multiple regression analyses were used to analyze the relationship between personality, measured by Temperament and Character Inventory and NEO-Five Factor Inventory, and coping strategies, measured by Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations.
Results: Self-directedness was reported to be positively associated with task-oriented coping in bipolar disorders, and harm avoidance was negatively associated with task-oriented coping in depressive disorders. Beck Depression Inventory score, neuroticism, and extroversion were found to be positively associated with emotion-oriented coping in bipolar disorders, and neuroticism was positively associated with emotion-oriented coping in depressive disorders. Extroversion was reported to be positively associated with avoidance-oriented coping in bipolar disorders, and extroversion, novelty seeking, and reward dependence were positively associated with avoidance-oriented coping in depressive disorders.
Conclusion: This study concluded that the relationship between personality and stress-coping strategies may vary based on the type of mood disorder that is diagnosed. The interaction between personality and stress-coping might be considered for the modification of coping strategies in mood disorders.
Keywords: Bipolar disorder; Coping skills; Depressive disorder; Personality


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