Mood Emot 2021 Nov; 19(3): 94-100   https://doi.org/10.35986/me.2021.19.3.94
A Pilot Feasibility Study on a Single-Session Stabilization Group Psychotherapy for Adults with Acute Stress Symptoms
Dabin Kim, MD, MMS1 , Daeho Kim, MD, PhD1 , Hyunji Lee, MA2 , Ji Young Min, MA3 , Sungwon Roh, MD, PhD1
1Department of Psychiatry, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, 2Smile Center for Victims of Crime, Incheon, 3Center for Victims of Crime, Ministry of Justice, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Daeho Kim, MD, PhD
Department of Psychiatry, Hanyang University College of Medicine, 222 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 04763, Korea
TEL +82-2-2290-8430 FAX +82-2-2298-2055 E-mail dkim9289@hanyang.ac.kr ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6834-6775
Received: October 13, 2021; Revised: October 25, 2021; Accepted: October 26, 2021; Published online: November 30, 2021.
© Korean Society for Affective Disorders. All rights reserved.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Background: Although the field of psychology currently recommends trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy for early psychological intervention for acute traumatic stress, additional research is required for safe and efficient psychotherapy that can delivered to a broader population and within a brief period of time.
Methods: This pilot study examined the safety and feasibility of a single-session group stabilization intervention for individuals conducted at an average of two weeks after various types of traumatic events. Further development of DSM-5 mental disorders, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and others, was assessed at the six-month follow-up. A total of 38 participants with acute stress symptoms participated in a single-session 90-minute group psychotherapy, which consists of psychoeducation; identification of and coping with triggers; somatosensory grounding; and containment exercise.
Results: After six months, follow-up was conducted on 34 (89.5%) patients, who completed the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-5 Mental Disorders and the PTSD Checklist-5. One (2.9%) participant met the current diagnosis of PTSD, whereas none met any other psychiatric diagnoses. A significant decrease was noted in PTSD scores between baseline and follow-up (t=7.4, df=33, p<0.001, Cohen’s d=1.27) measured using the PTSD Checklist-5.
Conclusion: The finding suggests that a single stabilization session can be used in a safe and efficient manner at of the acute stage of trauma.
Keywords: Acute stress disorder; Group therapy; Posttraumatic stress disorder; Psychological trauma; Psychotherapy


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Funding Information
  • Ministry of Health & Welfare
      HM15C1058
      10.13039/501100003625

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