Mood Emot 2020 Nov; 18(3): 110-118
An Analysis of the Relationship between Grit and the Psychological Well-Being of Psychiatry Residents
Dain Kim, MD1 , Seung-Ho Jang, MD2 , Sung-Yong Park, MD1
1Department of Psychiatry, Keyo Hospital, Uiwang, 2Department of psychiatry, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan, Korea
Correspondence to: Sung Yong Park, MD
Department of Psychiatry, Keyo Hospital, 15 Ojeon-ro, Uiwang 16062, Korea
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Received: October 31, 2020; Revised: November 3, 2020; Accepted: November 4, 2020; Published online: November 30, 2020.
© Korean Society for Affective Disorders. All rights reserved.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: Grit is a psychological factor that is defined as “perseverance and passion for the long term.” A growing interest exists in this factor because it aids in overcoming difficult tasks related to the psychological well-being of psychiatry residents to prevent burnout; however, it is still under-recognized in the Korean clinical practices. This study therefore examined the relationship between grit and the psychological well-being of psychiatry residents.
Methods: In all, 77 psychiatry residents completed the study survey, and all met our study’s participation criteria. To assess these residents’ grit, burnout, and psychological well-being, the Original Grit Scale, Maslach Burnout Inventory, and Psychological Well-being Scale were employed. For the statistical comparison, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation analysis were used.
Results: A significant relationship prevailed between grit and psychological well-being. The grit scores had positive and negative correlations with psychological well-being (p<0.01) and burnout (p<0.01), respectively. Thus, psychiatry residents with higher grit scores were more likely to experience less burnout and have higher psychological well-being scores.
Conclusion: A significant relationship existed between grit, psychological well-being, and burnout. Grit assessment thus aided in identifying psychiatry residents who were at a greater risk of quitting their training program due to poor psychological well-being or emotional exhaustion.
Keywords: Grit; Mental health; Residency; Burnout

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