Mood Emot 2021 Nov; 19(3): 101-109
Relationship between Depression and Stress-Coping Strategies in Public Enterprise Workers Whose Workplaces Were Relocated to a New Environment
Minah Joo , MD, Bo-Hyun Yoon , MD, PhD, Jye-Heon Song , MD, Kyungmin Kim , MD, Hangoeunbi Kang , MD, Suhee Park , MD, Yuran Jeong , MD, Hyunju Yun , MD, Jongtae Lee , MD, Koosang Choi , MD
Department of Psychiatry, Naju National Hospital, Naju, Korea
Correspondence to: Bo-Hyun Yoon, MD, PhD
Department of Psychiatry, Naju National Hospital, 1328-31, Senam-ro, Sanpo-myeon, Naju 58213, Korea
TEL +82-61-330-4102 FAX +82-61-330-4155 E-mail ORCID
Jye-Heon Song, MD
Department of Psychiatry, Naju National Hospital, 1328-31, Senam-ro, Sanpo-myeon, Naju 58213, Korea
TEL +82-61-330-4182 FAX +82-61-330-4150 E-mail ORCID
Received: October 13, 2021; Revised: October 28, 2021; Accepted: November 1, 2021; Published online: November 30, 2021.
© Korean Society for Affective Disorders. All rights reserved.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: In this study, the relationship between depression and stress-coping strategies among public enterprise workers whose workplaces were relocated to a newly-built innovation city was investigated.
Methods: This study included a total of 922 public enterprise workers living in Naju Innovation City. Along with their sociodemographic data, each subject was assessed concerning depression, occupational stress, and stress-coping strategies using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale(CES-D), Korean Occupational Stress Scale (KOSS), and stress-coping scale (SCS), respectively. Logistic regression was performed to investigate the impact of the relevant factors on depressive symptoms.
Results: The overall prevalence of depressive symptoms was 14%. Some sociodemographic variables, the total scores of the KOSS, and four subscales of the SCS revealed significant differences between the depressed and normal groups. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that the KOSS (odds ratio [OR], 1.17; p<0.001) and SCS, such as problem-solving-focused (OR, 0.75; p<0.001), emotion-focused (OR, 1.15; p<0.05), and wishful-thinking-focused (OR, 1.10; p<0.05), were significantly associated with depression.
Conclusion: The results indicated that depressive symptoms were highly prevalent among workers whose workplaces were relocated. In addition, these symptoms were found to be related with occupational stress and stress-coping strategies. Our findings also suggest that promoting healthy stress-coping strategies and reducing occupational stress may help in preventing the occurrence of depression and managing depressed workers.
Keywords: Depressive symptoms; Workers; Occupational stress; Coping skills

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