Mood Emot 2023 Nov; 21(3): 38-43
Factors Associated with Depression and Suicidality Among Unemployed Adults in the Jeju Area
Minjeong Kim, MA1 , Hyeonmi Hong, PhD2 , Danbi Oh, RN, MSN3 , Hyunjoo Na, RN, PhD3 , Moon-Doo Kim, MD, PhD1,4 , Young-Eun Jung, MD, PhD1,4
1Department of Psychiatry, Jeju National University Hospital, 2Division of Future Education, Jeju National University, Jeju, 3College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, 4Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea
Correspondence to: Young-Eun Jung, MD, PhD
Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Jeju National University, 15 Aran 13-gil, Jeju 63241, Korea
TEL +82-64-717-1234 FAX +82-64-717-1849 E-mail ORCID
Received: November 6, 2023; Accepted: November 20, 2023; Published online: November 30, 2023.
© Korean Society for Affective Disorders. All rights reserved.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: Unemployment and the consequential mental health issues are emerging as a major social concern. This study aimed to evaluate factors associated with depression and suicidality among unemployed individuals in the Jeju area.
Methods: Data from 624 unemployed adults who participated in a community survey were analyzed. Self-report questionnaires were completed by all participants; demographic variables and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 were used to assess depression. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview suicidality module was used to obtain information regarding suicidal ideation, suicide plans, and suicide attempts.
Results: The prevalence of depressive symptoms among the unemployed population in Jeju area was 28.4%. Factors associated with suicidality included age, gender, unemployment period, job application period, and depression. Furthermore, unemployed participants who had an opportunity to receive vocational education had fewer symptoms of depression regardless of the number of vocational education sessions. A multivariate regression model demonstrated that depression (β = 0.51, p<0.001) was significantly correlated with suicidality.
Conclusion: The findings advance our understanding of the relationship between unemployment and psychological factors such as depression symptoms and suicidality. Further studies are required to determine the underlying mechanisms to aid in the development of preventive and treatment strategies.
Keywords: Unemployed; Depression; Suicidality; Employment training; Vocational education

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